What Is Lyme Disease?

lyme disease picture of child and dog running in woods

Lyme disease is an infectious disorder in which the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted by the bite of infected hard shelled Ixodes ticks through the skin surface to other organs of the body including the nervous system. Although the spirochete and the specifics of its life cycle have only been recently characterized within the last two decades, many of the clinical disorders it causes have been well known for many years.